Hacking is a word most familiar to all of us, it is an attempt to abuse a computer system or a private network inside the computer. Simply it is an unauthorized access to control over the computer network security systems for some illegal purpose. They can destroy, steal or prevent users from accessing the whole system.
Hacking can be described only after we first understand a hacker. Hacker is an Individual who uses computer networking or other skills to overcome a technical problem. Hackers can however steal Information, They can hurt people via identity theft or can bring down a system. Hackers have technical skills to control the network or hold the computer system.
Read more: Cyber Security Challenges & Trends Over Latest Technologies
TYPES OF HACKING
Hacking attempts are committed to break into computers and networks for four reasons:
1- Hackers can do hacking for financial gain, meaning the theft of credit card numbers or stealing banking systems.
2- Gaining street cred and burnishing one reputation within hacker subculture motives.
3- Hackers can also wants to steal information about the company , competitors products and services to gain marketplace advantage.
4- Finally, hackers are engage in hacking to steal business or national intelligence, to destabilize infrastructure or to sow discord and confusion in the target country.
The some of the techniques hackers can use:
- Social engineering & phishing, social engineering is an attempt to get you to share personal information.
- Malware injecting devices
- Missing security patches
- Cracking passwords
Hacking is typically technical in nature, hackers can also use psychology to trick the users into clicking on the hostile attachment or providing personal data. These are include in social engineering. Other techniques are: Botnets, browser hijacks, denial of service attacks, ransomware etc.
Hacking includes ethical hacking: white, black and grey hats.
If your computer, tablet or phone is at bull-eye of hacker target, then surround it with concentric rings of precautions.
People can prevent hacking by:
- Anti-Malware protection.
- Be careful with apps.
- protect your information.
- Update your software.
- Browse carefully and password safety.
Hacking today is the major and the serious concern for any business. In fact, is almost statistical certainty that at some point, the company will suffer a data breach. Computer crime can affect the people life dramatically that companies are ethically obligated to secure their systems. The task of computer security is not as easy and doses not rest with the developers alone. As the holes in the outdated software can break or cause an entire system to collapse, users have the responsibility to be aware with updates and act promptly. Companies have to ensure everything properly developed and up to date, so the chance of hacking can be reduced.